AVGAS 115/145 aviation gasoline

Characteristics
 
Aviation gasoline AVGAS 115/145 is a mixture of hydrocarbons obtained from the conservative and secondary processing of crude oil. The gasoline contains antiknock additives, coloring agents, antioxidant and antistatic additives.
 
Application
 
Aviation gasoline is used to power piston engine aircraft.
 
Properties
 
according to WT-15 / OBR PR / PD / 104 Edition I
 
No
Property
Unit
Limits
Test method
1.
Density at 15°C
kg/m3
Report
ASTM D 4052
ASTM D 1298
2.
Colour
-
Purple
ASTM D 2392
3.
Appearance
Clear, bright and visually
free from solid matter
and undissolved water
at ambient temperature
wg p.4.2.2.
WT-15/OBR
PR/PD/104
ASTM D 4176
4.
Antiknock rating
- Motor Octane Number (MON)
- LOM Lean rating
  (aviation method)
- Performance number *
 
-
 
-
-
 
Min. 115
 
Min. 145
-
 
ASTM D2700
 
ASTM D 909
5.
Fractional composition :
- 10% vol.
°C
Report
ASTM D  86
- 40% vol.
°C
Max 75
- 50% vol.
°C
Min 75
- 90% vol.
°C
Max 105
- Final boiling point
°C
Max 135
- Productivity
°C
Max 170
- Residue
% (v/v)
Min 97
- Loss
% (v/v)
Max 1,5
- 10% vol.
% (v/v)
Max 1,5
Sum of 10% vol.+50%
evaporated temperatures
°C
Min 135
6.
Sulphur content
% (m/m)
Max 0,05
ASTM D 2622
ASTM D 1266
ASTM D 5453
7.
Lead content
g Pb/l
Max 1,28
ASTM D 5059
ASTM D 3341
8.
Specific energy
MJ/kg
Min 44,0
ASTM D 4529
ASTM D 3338
9.
Freezing point
°C
Max -60
ASTM D 2386
ASTM D 7153
10.
Corrosion on copper,
2h at temp. 100 °C
Corrosion
level
Max 1
ASTM D 130
11.
Existent gum
mg/100 ml
Max 3
ASTM D 381
12.
Water reaction - volume change
ml
Max 2
ASTM D 1094
13.
Electrical conductivity at 20°C
pS/m
50 ÷ 450
ASTM D2624
14.
Reid vapour pressure at 37,8°C
kPa
38,5 ÷ 49
ASTM D 5190
ASTM D 5191
15.
Iodine numer
g J2/100g
Max 2,0
PN-82/C-04068
16.
Acidity
mg KOH/
100cm3
Max 0,3
PN-85/C-04066
17.
Aromatic hydrocarbons content
% m/m
Min 5
ASTM D 1319
PN EN 15553
18.
Determination of
oxidation resistance
– by induction period method
 
h
 
Min 12
 
PN ISO 7536
19.
Oxidant stability at t= 100 °C, 16 h
- Potential gum
- Sediment content
 
mg/100 ml
mg/100 ml
 
Max 6
Max 2
 
ASTM D 873
* The determination of Performance Number shall be done quarterly.
 
Technical conditions
 
Click below to download basic technical conditions including chemical and physical requirements for AVGAS 115/145 aviation gasoline in the PDF file format.